Now-a-days Electrical appliances and machines have changed the lives of many people. Naturally, electrical appliances need electrical energy to function, but electrical energy may not always be available. Portable batteries are the best solution for using electrical appliances in case of a power shortage. Batteries have become extremely popular in the United States. The growing popularity, however, is accompanied by the problems of pollution and other hazards.
The chemical make up of batteries varies in that different batteries may contain heavy metals such as zinc and lead, which may pose significant environmental threats. Batteries, when disposed in an unsafe manner, may leak into the ground, cause corrosion of the soil, and pose problems for wildlife. Recycling batteries allows safe disposal of used batteries and prevents pollution.
Batteries are primarily classified into two basic categories, namely, chargeable batteries and non-chargeable batteries. Non-chargeable batteries cannot be recycled. Chargeable batteries, on the other hand, can be reused and recycled. Chargeable batteries consist of a large variety of materials that can be recycled to form raw materials for manufacturing industries. Common components in batteries are lead, nickel-cadmium, nickel hydride, and mercury. The batteries are first separated from plastics and insulation material using gas-fired thermal oxidizers. Batteries are then processed using heat treatment furnaces using large amounts of energy to create the end product.
The American government specifies certain rules and standard procedures to be followed for the purpose of recycling batteries. There is a large number of battery recycling centers all over the nation. The centers recycle batteries based on principles and standards specified by government authorities. The centers collect used batteries from American households and offer recharged batteries at a nominal cost. These centers also provide services for recycling rechargeable batteries that have reached the end of their usable life.
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