Now-a-days Electrical appliances and machines have changed the lives of many people. Naturally, electrical appliances need electrical energy to function, but electrical energy may not always be available. Portable batteries are the best solution for using electrical appliances in case of a power shortage. Batteries have become extremely popular in the United States. The growing popularity, however, is accompanied by the problems of pollution and other hazards.
The chemical make up of batteries varies in that different batteries may contain heavy metals such as zinc and lead, which may pose significant environmental threats. Batteries, when disposed in an unsafe manner, may leak into the ground, cause corrosion of the soil, and pose problems for wildlife. Recycling batteries allows safe disposal of used batteries and prevents pollution.
Batteries are primarily classified into two basic categories, namely, chargeable batteries and non-chargeable batteries. Non-chargeable batteries cannot be recycled. Chargeable batteries, on the other hand, can be reused and recycled. Chargeable batteries consist of a large variety of materials that can be recycled to form raw materials for manufacturing industries. Common components in batteries are lead, nickel-cadmium, nickel hydride, and mercury. The batteries are first separated from plastics and insulation material using gas-fired thermal oxidizers. Batteries are then processed using heat treatment furnaces using large amounts of energy to create the end product.
The American government specifies certain rules and standard procedures to be followed for the purpose of recycling batteries. There is a large number of battery recycling centers all over the nation. The centers recycle batteries based on principles and standards specified by government authorities. The centers collect used batteries from American households and offer recharged batteries at a nominal cost. These centers also provide services for recycling rechargeable batteries that have reached the end of their usable life.
EWASTEKULDEEP one of the top Battery recyclers in Pune INDIA helps conserve the environment, saves natural resources, and reduces the need for landfills provides quality information about battery recycling, E Waste Management And Recycling, Recycling Center, Computer Recycling and more.
Over the years, computers have widely enhanced different walks of human life. However, with the rapid and dramatic changes in life, mismanagement of electronic garbage has created devastating issues.
Generally, computer equipment contain a comprehensive range of hazardous elements and substances such as cathode ray tubes with barium and lead oxide, toxic metals, biologically active materials, poly vinyl chloride, plastic additives, chlorinated brominates substances, heavy metals such as lead & cadmium in circuit boards, mercury in plane screens, and copper cables. According to Basel Action Network, 500 million computers across the world contain 716.7 million kgs of lead, 2.87 billion kgs of plastics, and 286,700 kgs of mercury and if they are burnt, they will release poisonous emissions in the surrounding air and create various health issues.
Gaskets and glass panels in computer monitors can cause the damage to kidneys, peripheral nervous systems, blood systems and delay the brain’s development in infants.
Semiconductors and Chip resistors contains Cadmium that accumulate in various organs then may cause neural damages.
Motherboards contain Beryllium that is carcinogenic and may cause chronic beryllium disease and other skin diseases.
Circuit board and electronic equipment contain Brominates flame retardants that may adversely damage endocrine system functions.
CRTs contain Barium that may cause damage to the heart, liver and spleen and muscle weakness.
Relays printed circuit boards and switches contain Mercury that negatively damage to the brain, skin and respiratory disorder
More than 70% electronic waste either goes to the landfill or is disposed of in the water from where it enters into human body and causes severe damages. Proper waste management will not only minimize the danger of health consequences but also lead to the betterment of the global environment.
Don’t threww those old batteries in the trash! Battery recycling is something that we can all do to protect the environment and ourselves. Battery recycling is such an important issue that in 1996, the United States Congress passed the Battery Act, which details how manufacturers and consumers can do a better job of disposing of and reusing old batteries.
Old batteries pose several risks to the environment including:
Polluting lakes and streams when they are burned and the metals vaporize into the air.
Heavy metals that leach into the soil in landfills.
Lead that can potentially cause harmful conditions for humans and animals.
Acids can leak out that are corrosive and can burn eyes and skin.
When you buy a new battery, most likely the place where you buy it will have a place to dispose of your old battery, and you may also be charged a small fee for recycling. If not, then you can contact your city or town’s municipal waste department and find out if they have a program for recycling. If neither of these is an option, you can go online to find the nearest recycling center that takes batteries.
Plastics are melted down and remade into other useful articles.
Glass from cathode ray tubes is usually reused in making of new cathode ray tube monitors. (Cathode ray tubes contain high amounts of lead which is highly toxic.)
Mercury, a prevalent toxic substance is usually extracted and reused in dental practice while phosphorus obtained from bulbs is used to make fertilizer.
Wood from older generation electronics (speakers, radios and television sets) is usually shredded and used in agriculture or to make fuel material.
Component parts like hard disks which are made of aluminum are smelted and the resultant metal ingots used in making vehicle parts.
There are also certain machine parts that are expressly sent back to the manufacturer for recycling, for example printer toner cartridges. Here we see that recycling does not necessarily mean actively doing the treatment of the electronic waste, but may also be about categorizing and sending off the components back to the manufacturer (for those manufacturers who recycle).
Some metals such as barium are extracted via electrolysis and reused. Likewise extracted nickel and cadmium are reused in the making of fortified steels and dry cells.
EWASTEKULDEEP is one of the top Company of E waste Management in Pune who handles electronic waste in an ethical and responsible manner and provides quick and reliable Ewaste recycling solutions for companies and homes.